- The paper submitted for publication should contain original unpublished material in MS Word Document (.docx). It must be submitted by one of the authors only through ‘Online Submission’ option available on website www.jar.com.pk or www.jar.punjab.gov.pk While submitting the manuscripts authors must furnish a certificate to the effect that:
- The manuscript is not being considered elsewhere for publication.
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STRUCTURE/FORMAT OF ARTICLE
Essential title page information
Title: Title should be concise and informative. Title is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae.
Authors’ names and affiliations: Name and family name of each author be given which should be accurately spelled. Give authors’ affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript roman letter immediately after the author’s name and also in front of relevant address. Provide full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name alongwith e-mail address of each author if possible.
Corresponding author: Clearly indicate the name of corresponding author who will handle the correspondence during review process of article and also will be responsible for attending the queries of reviewer as well as the editor. The email address and phone number must be kept upto date for smooth interaction by the Editor.
Division of article
Divide your article into clearly defined sections i.e. Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion (combined), Conclusion, Acknowledgement and References as given below:-
Abstract: A concise and factual abstract is required including place of study/experiment, study year, objective and brief methodology. The abstract should state briefly principal results with data and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must stand alone. References and unnecessary details should be avoided. Acronyms and abbreviations should not form part of the abstract. Too lengthy abstracts are not encouraged. If any abbreviation is essential it must be defined at its first mention in the abstract.
Keywords: Immediately after the abstract, provide minimum six keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, ‘and’, ‘of’). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be used. These keywords are used for indexing purposes and should be beyond the main title and abstract.
Introduction: Introduction should give immediate importance to research being reported. Verbose language and things remotely related to research study should be avoided. Latest literature must be reviewed in this section. While reviewing the findings of earlier research workers, name of worker(s) be given with year following APA style. Objective of study must be given at the end of introduction section.
Materials and Methods: This section includes place of study, year of study and detailed methodology. If an already described/published method is employed, reference to that method should be given. The statistical methods used for data analysis be carefully and essentially stated with reference.
Results and Discussion: Results and Discussion are to be given under one heading instead separately. Clear and concise results need to be quoted with data values of different parameters studied. The results of study must be compared with findings of earlier scientists according to APA style. Discussion should explore the significance of results. While discussing the results extensive citations and introductory sentences be avoided. The tables should be given brief title, Lettering a, b, c…..etc. or roman letter 1, 2, 3. should be employed to mark statistical significance instead of asterisk (*). At the base of tables, level of statistical significance and method applied should be clearly mentioned with reference.
While reporting results only units related to metric system and symbols prescribed by International System of Units be employed.
Conclusion/Recommendations: The main conclusion of study may be presented in Conclusion Section comprising one or two paragraphs. However, in case of survey type studies, it may be extended including recommendations.
Acknowledgement: Collate acknowledgement in a separate section at the end of article may be given before References Section. In this section technical and financial help by any functionary/organization/institution may be acknowledged.
References: All references should be arranged alphabetically according to APA style as given below:
In case of single reference:
- Shahid (2017) states that… ;
- Muneeb (2018 a,b) observed that… ;
- Asad and Rizwan (2015) also conducted… ;
- Similar findings have also been reported earlier (Edmondson, 1998)
In case of two or more references:
- Other research workers (Munir and Javed , 1993; Jarvis et al, 1994; Shafaqat, 1998) also report similar findings.
- Similar findings have also been reported by different scientists (Javed et al. 1990; Ferris et al., 1992, etc, etc.);
- Gulnaz et al. (2011) and Khan (2013) observed…
In References list
Article in journals, magazines and serial publications:
Ahmad, N., A.S. Khan, I. Khaliq and M. Ayub. 2017. Genetic analysis of dry matter partitioning in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under drought conditions. J. Agric. Res. 55(3):453-462.
Barrs, H.D. and P.E. Weatherley. 1962. A re-examination of the relative turgidity technique for estimating water deficits in leaves. Aust. J. Biol. Sci. 15:413-428.
Books including bulletins, reports, multi-volume works, etc:
Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A biometrical approach. 2nd Ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
Chapter in a book:
Jaskani, M.J., M. Omura and I.A. Khan. 2007. Cytogenetics. In: Khan, I.A. (ed.). Citrus Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology. CAB International, UK. p.151-166.
Wiseman, J. 1990. Variability in the nutritive value of fats and non-ruminants. In: Wiseman, J. and J.A. Cole (eds.). Feedstuffs Evaluation. Butterworths, Guildford. p.215-234.
Conference, symposium or workshop proceedings:
Takeda, K. 1991. Inheritance of grain size and its implications for rice breeding. Proc. 2nd Int. Rice Genetics Symposium. May 14-18, 1990. IRRI, Manila Philippines. p.181-189.
Akram, M., A. Rehman and M. Salim. 2005. Rice varietal improvement in Pakistan: Role of international rice germplasm. Proc. International Seminar on Rice Crop. October 2-3, 2005. Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku, Lahore, Punjab. p.8-15.
Khan, D., R. Ahmad and S. Ismail. 1986. Case history of Prosopis juliflora plantation at Makran coast raised through saline water irrigation. Ahmad, R. and A. S. Pietro (eds.), Prospect for Biosaline Research, Proc. US-Pak Bio-saline Research Workshop. University of Karachi, Karachi. p. 557-583.
Dissertation or thesis:
Mehmood, A. 2017. Physical, biochemical and molecular profiling of guava (Psidium guajava L.) germplasm. Ph.D. Diss., Inst. Hort. Sci., Univ. Agric., Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Kamran, J.A. 2016. Effect of compaction on the growth of pigeon pea on clay soils. Ph.D. Diss., Dept. Soil Sci., Univ. Queensland, St Lucia, Australia.
Software and websites:
National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2011. Crops county data. Available online with updates at http://usda.mannlib.comell. edu/data-sets/crops/9X100.
Organization / Govt. department documents:
Anon. 2014-15. Pakistan Economic Survey 2014-15. Finance and Economic Affairs Division, Ministry of Finance, Govt. of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan.
GoP. 2014. Agricultural Statistics Year Book 2013-14. Ministry of National Food, Security and Research, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Authors should critically read all references and ensure that these are complete containing title of article, periodical name with its volume, issue and pages. They should also ensure that all references quoted in text of paper are properly enlisted in References Section and vice versa.
Good quality black and white or coloured illustrations may be included. Photographs, graphs and drawings should be numbered / captioned properly.
Please contact us for any technical query / issue.
Associate Editor / Deputy Director(Research Information),
Research Information Unit,
Ayub Agricultural Research Institute,
Jhang Road, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
Official Page: www.facebook.com/jar.punjab.gov.pk